Vol.13 No.1 : April 2018

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Biographien - Atal Bihari Vajpayee, b. 1924
Dr. HimanshuAgarwal

Title Biographien - Atal Bihari Vajpayee, b. 1924
Author's Details
Author/s Dr. HimanshuAgarwal
Associate Professor, Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, D.N. College, Meerut
Email: dr_hagarwal@yahoo.com
Phone: 9412125893

 

Abstract Atal Bihari Vajpayee (25 December 1924–16 August 2018) was an Indian politician who served three terms as the Prime Minister of India : first for a term of 13 days in 1996, then for a period of 13 months from 1998 to 1999, and finally, for a full term from 1999 to 2004. A member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), he was the first Indian prime minister who was not a member of the Indian National Congress Party to have served a full five-yer term in office. He was a member of the Indian Parliament for over four decades, having been elected to the Lok Sabha, the lower house, ten times, and twice to the Rajya Sabha, the upper house. He served as the Member of Parliament for Lucknow. Uttar Pradesh until 2009 when he retired from active politics due to health concerns. Vajpayee was among the founding members of the Bhartiya Jana Sangh (BJS), of which he was the president from 1968 to 1972. The BJS merged with several other parties to form the Janata Dal, which won the 1977 general election. Vajpayee became the Minister of External Affairs in the cabinet of Prime Minister Morarji Desai. He resigned in 1979, and the Janata alliance collapsed soon after. The erstwhile members of the BJS formed the BJP in 1980, with Vajpayee as its first president. During his tenure as prime minister, India carried out the Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998. Vajpaee sought to improve diplomatic relations with Pakistan, travelling to Lahore by bus to meet with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. After the 1999 Kargil War with Pakistan, he sought to restore relations through engaging with President Pervez Musharraf, infiting him to India for a summit at Agra. Vajpayee was born to Krishna Devi and Krishna Bihari Vajpayee on 25 December 1924 in Gwalior. His grandfather, Pandit Shyam Lal Vajpayee, had migrated to Morena, Gwalior from his ancestral village of Bateshwar, Uttar Pradesh. His faterh, Krishna Bihari Vajpayee, was a school teacher in his hometown. Vajpee did his schooling at the Saraswati Shishu Mandir in Gwalior. He school teacher in his hometown. Vajpayee did his schooling at the Saraswati Shishu Mandir in Gwalior. He subsequently attended Gwalior’s Victoria College (now Laxmi Bai College) and graduated with distinction in Hindi, English and Sanskrit. He completed his post-graduation with an M.A. in Political science from DAV College, Kanpur, and was awarded a first-class degree. Vajpayee remained a bachelor his entire life, preferring to serve the nation over marriage. He adopted and raised as his own child Namita Bhattacharya, the daughter of longtime friend Rajkumari Kaul and BN Kaul. His adopted family lived with him. With regard to his poetry he wrote, “My poetry is declaration of war, not an exordium to defeat. It is not defeated soldier’s drumbeat of despair, but the fighting warrior’s will to win. It is not the despirited voice of dejection but the stirring shout of victory. Atal Bihari Vajpayee was not only a political leader but he ruled over the heart of thousands of Indians. His status was more than his image. He was the first ever Prime Minister of India, who spoke in Hindi language in UN in 1977. He has given various theories to economy of the country. To be fair and honest in economy was his ideology. Atal Bihari Vajpayee paved a systematic and planned network of connecting roads that provided comfort for the easy suply of goods and services at a suitable price. Vajpayee brought in the idea of Asset Reconstruction Compaines which helped banks to deal with bad loans. Atal Bihari was the man who introduced the second generation of economic reforms which largly contributed to a facilitative investment climate and promoted India’s rapid growth. Today’s growth of telecom, power, insurance, agriculture, education and national highways was kicked start by Atal Bihari Vajpayee. A number of such initiatives were taken by him very silently and strongly without any propoganda and in accordance with industry and business sector of the country. He was conferred India’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, by the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee in 2015. The administration of Narendra Modi declared in 2014 that Vajpayee’s birthday, 25 December, would be marked as Good Governance Day. He died on 16 August 2018 due to age-related illness. Journal of Commerce and Trade pays its best regards and tributes to the Nation Builder Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
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JEL Classification -
Paper Code JCT-A18-Bio-25
DOI https://doi.org/10.26703/JCT.v13i1-25
Web Address www.jctindia.org/april2018/v13i1-25
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How to Cite Agarwal, Himanshu. Biography : Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Journal of Commerce and Trade, April 2018; 13 : 1; Pp. 165–166.
Page No. 165-166
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