Volume 5 Number 2: October, 2010

Title: Pre-British Indian Economy and Self-Sufficient Village Community (It’s Impact on Indian National Movement)

Description: 

Author-Name:  Dr. Bhuwneshwer Kumar Tyagi, Assistant Professor, Govt. J.N.S. P.G. College, Shujalpur (M.P.)
Author-Email:  bh.tyagi@gmail.com

Abstract:  Through this study we can go back to the pre-British times of Indian life and study how the self-sufficient
village community has been transformed drastically, and evolved as that of today in about 200 years.
Enthusiastically one can consider the deeper aspects of British rule over India than mere political domination,
and search into the socio-cultural change that has taken place in the overall life of a people, the people of
India, a country that was once called ‘the golden bird.’ It takes up four important sectors of socio-cultural and
economic life of the Indians viz., agriculture, small-scale industry, education, and politics and administration,
and tries to establish how the British conquest affected these areas as far as Indian life is concerned.
Keywords: Business Cycle Theory, Neoclassical School, Originating Cause, and Self-Generating Cycle.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation: Tyagi, Bhuwneshwer Kumar. Pre-British Indian Economy and Self-Sufficient Village Community (It’s Impact on Indian National Movement). Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.5-11.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-BKT-1
DOI : 
Web Address : http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-1.pdf
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Title: Innovative Methods of Teaching Management

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Author-Name:  Anshul Taneja, Assistant Professor, Maharaja Agrasen College, University of Delhi, Delhi
Author-Email:  anshultaneja@rediffmail.com

Abstract:  The Indian corporate environment has witnesses a multitude of changes in the past few decades. These changes
have brought to the forefront how important managerial effectiveness is to business enterprise survival. The
effective teaching of management is, therefore, gaining increasing prominence. The teaching of management
should encompass not only the delivery of concepts or theory but also develop team work skills, balanced
decision-making and application of the concepts being taught. The lecture method is incapable of fulfilling all
these objectives. It can be combined with other simple methods to enhance student learning. There is a vast
variety of methods to choose from and a lecturer can pick those suitable to his or her context. The article is
divided into five sections. After the introduction, a section is devoted to the concept of active learning
followed by a section on seating arrangements. The next section elaborates on different innovative methods
and the last section contains the concluding observations.
Keywords: Business Cycle Theory, Neoclassical School, Originating Cause, and Self-Generating Cycle.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation: Taneja, Anshul. Innovative Methods of Teaching Management. Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.12-16.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-AT-2
DOI : 
Web Address
: http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-2.pdf
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Title: Social Entrepreneurship : Opportunities Ahead

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Author 1-Name:  Lallan Tripathi, Professor, H.R. Institute of Professional Studies, Ghaziabad, (U.P.)
Author 1-Email:  tripathi_1953@yahoo.co.in
Author 2-Name:  Dr B.K. Agarwal, Senior Lecturer, Department of commerce and Business Administration, D.N. (P.G.) College, Meerut, (U.P.)
Author 2-Email:  dr.brijesh.ag@gmail.com 

Abstract:  The Indian society, especially rural is widely spread and is constituted by rich, poor and below poverty level
(BPL) person. There is significance presence of BPL person in the society in spite of continuous effort made by
Central Government, State Government, Mega sector enterprises and various Non Government Organizations
(NGOs), therefore efforts to bring these categories in to mainstream of society byway of providing gainful
employment/germinating the seeds of entrepreneurial culture is the demand of the day to develop prosperous
and cheerful society. The philanthropic approach is narrow concept of elevating an individual and is not a
long term solution of poverty eradication. The development of entrepreneurial culture among these class will
bring multifold impact on improvement of the social dynamics, as it provide an opportunity to be self employed
improving thereby their economic/ social status.The present paper is an endeavor to enlighten about the
approaches and opportunities for the social entrepreneurship.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Opportunities,Philanthropic, social fabric.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation: Tripathi, Lallan and Agarwal, B.K.. Social Entrepreneurship : Opportunities Ahead. Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.17-19.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-LT-BKA-3
DOI : 
Web Address :
http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-3.pdf
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Title: Feasibility Study of Agile Manufacturing in Automobile Industry

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Author 1-Name:  P. Kannan, Domain Head-Marketing, Department of Management, Hosur.
Author 1-Email:  kannanace08@gmail.com
Author 2-Name:  J. Sathya II, Department of Management Studies, Hosur.
Author 2-Email:  kannanace08@gmail.com

Abstract:  Manufacturing industry may well be on the verge of a major paradigm shift. The emergence of firms producing
at low-wage economies has quashed low price strategies for most European and American manufacturers. US
manufacturing industries are realizing that global prominence in manufacturing can be achieved only through
innovation and thus resulted in the birth of ‘Agile Manufacturing System’ in the 21st century. Agile manufacturing
is the process of accomplishing the ability to successfully market low-cost, high quality products with short
lead times that provide enhanced customer value through customization. A customer has to be treated as an
individual asset. They expect low volume, high quality and require small quantities of highly custom, designto-order
products, and where additional services and value-added benefits like product upgrades and future
reconfigurations are as important as the product itself. Ford, the leading automobile industry is paving a new
dimension to Agile Manufacturing system. This paper throws light on feasibility of agile especially in automobile
manufacturing sector.
Keywords: Agile, Customer, Value-added, Automobile manufaturing.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation: Kannan, P. and Sathya, J. Feasibility Study of Agile Manufacturing in Automobile Industry. Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.20-26.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-PK-JS-4
DOI : 
Web Address : http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-4.pdf
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Title: Corporate Governance in Mutual Fund Industries (A Case Study of Selected Mutual Funds)

Description: 

Author-Name:  Shikha Goel, Research Scholar, C.C.S. University, Meerut.
Author-Email:  shikhagoel.11@gmail.com

Abstract:  Mutual funds are a vital component of the financial markets for mobilization of savings. Their tremendous
popularity in the North American continent is well known. Mutual funds have also progressed significantly in
emerging economies. Several new products have been introduced and a number of others are in the pipeline.
The Indian mutual fund industry is poised for significant growth in the next years. The success of the business
will lie in several factors, one of which will be the role of regulators and their efforts to evolve the code of
corporate governance and best practices for the mutual fund industry. SEBI has played a vital role to
mutual fund units and guided small investors. Indian economy is under going fast change in all its constituents.
The markets have become highly competitive and knowledge economy requires more transparency and
accountability into the mutual funds. Good corporate governance increases the confidence of investors, who
are more diversified today and have different informational requirements. Corporate governance boosts the
development of capital markets.” This paper reviews corporate governance in mutual funds and its impact on
investor’s trust in mutual fund.
Keywords: Agile, Customer, Value-added, Automobile manufaturing.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation: Goel, Shikha. Corporate Governance in Mutual Fund Industries (A Case Study of Selected Mutual Funds). Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.27-31.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-SG-5
DOI : 
Web Address : http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-5.pdf
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Title: Consolidation in Banking Sector Through Mergers and Acquisition

Description: 

Author-Name:  Dr. S. K. Sharma, Associate Professor, Faculty of Commerce, H.N.B. Garhwal (Central) University Campus Badshahithaul, (Tehri) UttraKhand.
Author-Email:  sharmask210@rediffmail.com

Abstract:  Public sector banks hold over 75 percent of total assets of the banking industry, with the private and foreign
banks holding 18.2 percent and 6.5percent respectively . Consolidation is an effective means to acquire
competitive size , geographic expansion, huge loan portfolios ,improved technology ,product diversification
and reduced transaction costs in Indian banking sector. . More over, bigger the size, better would be a
bank’s capital adequacy ratio and risk management capabilities. So the size does matter. Banks in India need
to be large to keep pace with the global aspiration of Indian corporates that are growing in size. This paper
exhibits the objectives, needs and advantages of consolidation in banking sector in India. It also emphasis
banks consolidation in Indian perspectives and motives of merger and acquisition in India.
Keywords: Agile, Customer, Value-added, Automobile manufaturing.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation: Sharma, S. K.. Consolidation in Banking Sector Through Mergers and Acquisition. Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.32-38.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-SKS-6
DOI : 
Web Address :
http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-6.pdf
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Title: Global Distribution and Supply Chain Management-A Road to Success

Description: 

Author 1-Name:  Sandeep Kumar, Associate Professor and HOD (MBA) IIMT Engineering College, Meerut.
Author 1-Email:  kumarsandy_1@yahoo.co.in
Author 2-Name:  Sugandha Shrotriya, Associate Professor (MBA) IIMT Engineering College, Meerut.
Author 2-Email:  kumarsandy_1@yahoo.co.in

Abstract:  Even aspects of supply chain management itself have become increasingly specialized. Transportation
management is becoming a specialty distinct from overall logistics management, whereas purchasing is
specializing in applied topics like sourcing strategies, supplier quality methods, value engineering, and so
on. The supply chain is treated as integrity which is composed of many operating elements realizing their own
goals by means of taking part in the chain. From the point of view of each unit the integrity is subject to
modeling and is the potential area for optimization. This depiction of the supply chain means that the chain
is (in material meaning) a separate and independent organization with defined goals, defined internal structure
and financial resources. In this way, supply chain becomes a separate economic unit (at least in theory) who
is able to compete with other chains on the market and also may be a research subject of the organization and
management theory. The present paper explores the following issues: Development of the concept of supply
chain, The need for supply chain management., Type of supply chain management model(s), Framework of the
supply chain management model(s). Supply chain performance measures, Issues in the design of supply chain
management framework. Supply chain decisions. Quantitative methods and supply chain management (SCM).
Keywords: Agile, Customer, Value-added, Automobile manufaturing.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation: Kumar, Sandeep and Shrotriya, Sugandha. Global Distribution and Supply Chain Management-A Road to Success. Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.39-47.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-SK-SS-7
DOI : 
Web Address :
http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-7.pdf
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Title: Recent Trends in Performance Appraisal System in Private and Public Sector Banks In India

Description: 

Author 1-Name:  Dr. Sonika Choudhary, Rattan Group of Institutions, Mohali (Punjab).
Author 1-Email:  
Author 2-Name:  Sachin Maheshwari, Research Scholar, C.C.S. University, Meerut, U.P.
Author 2-Email:  sachinmaheswari1@rediffmail.com

Abstract:  This paper deals with the prevailing Performance Appraisal System in Indian Banking Industry. This survey
conducted in some public and private sector bank. Today latest mantra as being followed by organizations
across the world is- “Pay for the performance”. Banking sector is also paying more attention to performance
management system, especially to individual performance. Performance appraisal is an important function of
the HR department. Its function is to formulate policies related to assessing the performance of the employees
and identifying potential for taking up the higher responsibilities. Performance Appraisal is an ongoing
exercise not a “one shot” function which is concerned with developing a potential of the employees in order
to provide maximum satisfaction to all the employees. It provides employees with the training and developmental
opportunity to perform better, helping them to keep up with the changes at the workplace. Now a days, with
increase competition, organizations face many challenges. So, organizations must understand the importance
of human resource and constantly focus on improving its performance, which will result in the overall
improvement in the organizations performance.
Keywords: Agile, Customer, Value-added, Automobile manufaturing.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation: Choudhary, Sonika and Maheshwari, Sachin. Recent Trends in Performance Appraisal System in Private and Public Sector Banks In India. Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.48-52.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-SC-SM-8
DOI : 
Web Address : http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-8.pdf
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Title: Problems Faced in Marketing of Tea Production in Nilegiri Districts- A Micro Study

Description: 

Author-Name:  Dr. N. Kathirvel, Associate Professor (MBA), Karpagam University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
Author-Email:  n.pnk70_samy@yahoo.co.in

Abstract:  India’s tea exports data has showed 10% decline in May with a Volume of 9.77m kg owing to increase in the
domestic consumption despite the higher prices for the commodity in the domestic market. The industry
provides employment to about two million skilled and semi-skilled workers besides those who are employed in
ancillary activities, mostly from rural areas. Though the industry contributes a lot to the socio-economic
development of the nation, it is plagued with a number of problems such as cyclical fluctuations, high support
prices payable to farmers, lack of adequate working capital, partial decontrol and the uncertain export
outlook. Despite the problems, the industry has good growth potential due to steady increase in Tea
consumption, retail boom and diversification into areas such as power generation and production of ethanol.
The main aim of this study is to identify the problems and prospects associated with manufacturing and
marketing of Tea in this study area and come out with certain workable solutions to safeguard the interest of
the producer –cum seller of Tea.
Keywords: Agile, Customer, Value-added, Automobile manufaturing.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation:  Kathirvel, N. Problems Faced in Marketing of Tea Production in Nilegiri Districts- A Micro Study. Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.53-58.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-NK-9
DOI : 
Web Address :
http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-9.pdf
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Title: A Study on Comparative Analysis of Infrastructure Funds

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Author-Name:  Dr. C. Dharmaraj, Assistant Professor, School of Management, Karunya University, Coimbatore.
Author-Email:  dharmarajbusiness@gmail.com

Abstract:  Companies raising funds for two purposes, ie., either for internal purpose or external purpose including
investment activities. Now-a-days investment is a part of the activities of the corporate, especially, the firm who
is having surplus funds in addition to the funds which is used for the normal course of business. The investors
choosing the best investments proposals after taken into the consideration of three important investment
principles, like safety, profitability and liquidity. In recent years the investors concentrating the blooming
sectors especially infrastructure sector for their investment. Infrastructure is the buzzword in the present
Indian context as there is a huge gap between demand and supply. Infrastructure funds are part of a mutual
fund category called thematic funds. While sectoral funds invest in particular sectors like, information
technology, power, metals, oil and gas, etc.,. Thematic funds invests in themes like infrastructure, consumptionled
categories like the retail industry and outsourcing companies. Taken into the consideration of above the
researchers have been analyzed three companies infrastructure funds to know the performance of each other.
Acknowledgement: I would like to acknowledge and thank Mr. A Ragavendran, MBA Final Year Student,
school of management, Karunya University, Coimbatore for extending immense help in every phase of writingthis
article.
Keywords:  Infrastructure funds, Mutual funds, Thematic funds and Sectoral funds.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation:   Dharmaraj, C.. A Study on Comparative Analysis of Infrastructure Funds. Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.59-67.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-CD-10
DOI : 
Web Address
: http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-10.pdf
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Title: Customer Retention : The Key to Business Success

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Author-Name:  Kawaljit Kaur, Lecturer, Swami Satyanand College of Management and Technology, Amritsar (Punjab).
Author-Email:  kawaljeet_bhatia2001@yahoo.com 

Abstract:  This Paper measures how customer can be retained and what are the various measures to retain existing
customers this leads to increase the lifelong value of the company. This paper has given detailed information
about strategies of customer retention and how to win customer through integrated approach. In a competitive
marketplace where businesses compete for customers, customer satisfaction is seen as a key differentiator and
increasingly has become a key element of business strategy.
Keywords:  Infrastructure funds, Mutual funds, Thematic funds and Sectoral funds.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation:   Kaur, Kawaljit. Customer Retention : The Key to Business Success. Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.68-73.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-KK-11
DOI : 
Web Address :
http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-11.pdf
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Title: Micro Insurance Awareness in Rural India

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Author 1-Name:  Mohanasundari M., Lecturer, Department of Management Studies, Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai, Erode District, Tamil Nadu.
Author 1-Email:  monasobee@gmail.com
Author 2-Name:  Dr. Balanaga Gurunathan K, Professor, Department of Management Studies, K.S. Rangasamy College of Technology, Tiruchengode Namakkal, Tamil Nadu.
Author 2-Email:  balanagagurunathan@yahoo.com

Abstract:  The insurance sector in India has experienced a 360-degree journey over a period of more than a hundred
years. Confidently by an ability to provide life insurance protection to nearly two people per second, the need
for awareness of risk and education in the insurance sector is securing excellent progress. Dealing with Micro
insurance and the representation is a mere dot on the work of art. With the obvious obstructions for low risk
awareness in Rural India ranging from individual receptiveness towards risk exposure, consumer short-term
style of living, each link in this tough chain seems indestructible. At a condemnatory level, a chain is as strong
as its weakest bond and the weakest obstacle to break in this scenario is to relearn the lesson, as described by
management experts, that there are undiscovered rupee coins sprinkled around the rural India, ready to be
picked up, if have the know-how. This paper tries to explore the unique initiatives and potential for modernism
to raise risk awareness and education of micro insurance in rural India. And so begins the journey to discover,
discard and relearn.
Keywords:  Infrastructure funds, Mutual funds, Thematic funds and Sectoral funds.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation:   M., Mohanasundari and K, Balanaga Gurunathan. Micro Insurance Awareness in Rural India. Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.74-79.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-MM.BK-12
DOI : 
Web Address :
http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-12.pdf
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Title: Global Financial Crises : Bindings on India

Description: 

Author-Name:  Dr. Anshul Sharma, Mangalmay Institute of Management Studies, Greater Noida.
Author-Email:  aanshul1232@rediffmail.com
Author-Name:  Dr. Amit Gupta, Mangalmay Institute of Management Studies, Greater Noida.
Author-Email:  dramitgupta.2008@rediffmail.com

Abstract:  The intensification of the global financial crisis, following the bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers in September
2008, has made the current economic and financial environment a very difficult time for the world economy,
the global financial system and for central banks .The global financial crisis originated in United States of
America. Investment banks have collapsed, rescue packages are drawn up involv-ing more than a trillion US
dollars, and interest rates have been cut around the world in what looks like a coordinated response. Leading
indicators of global economic activity, such as shipping rates, are declin-ing at alarming rates. The current
financial crises in the U.S. have originated in the indiscriminate lending of housing loans in that country’s
sub-prime mortgage market. Among the clients were the investors with poor credit histories or insufficient
financial resources. Sub-prime lending has resulted in high levels of defaults. The banks were laying huge bets
with each other over loans and assets. Different views on the reasons of the crisis include boom in the housing
market, speculation, high-risk mortgage loans and lending practices, securitization practices, inaccurate
credit ratings and poor regulation of the financial institutions. The financial crisis has not only affected
United States of America, but also European Union, U.K and Asia. The global crisis has hit India through a
“sudden stop” of capital inflows and a collapse of both external and domestic demand. The growth of the
economy dropped to 6.7 per cent in 2008-09 (April-March) from 9.0 per cent in the previous year and is
projected to decline further in 2009-10 to about 5.0 per cent. In this study I will attempt to provide my
interpretation of the unfolding of the present global financial crisis; how it is affecting us; why the Indian
financial sector has been able to weather the crisis relatively well; the analytics of our policy response; and,
finally, some implications of its longer lasting effects.
Keywords:  Infrastructure funds, Mutual funds, Thematic funds and Sectoral funds.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation:   Sharma, Anshul and Gupta, Amit. Global Financial Crises : Bindings on India. Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.80-86.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-AS-AG-13
DOI : 
Web Address :
http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-13.pdf
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Title: Dynamic Impact of Work Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment. (A Case Study of Performance of Lecturers at North India’s Private Higher Education Institution)

Description: 

Author-Name:  Dr. Kirti Agarwal, Professor and Head of the Department, Greater Noida Institute of Technology, Greater Noida.
Author-Email:  dr.kirtiagarwal@gmail.com
Author-Name:  Shiv Ranjan, Lecturer, Greater Noida Institute of Technology, Greater Noida.
Author-Email:  dr.kirtiagarwal@gmail.com

Abstract:  High performance of the lecturers in the majority of Private institution in North India still something beyond
reachable. The increasing capability to manage and to develop the higher education institution has become
more and more important, including the usage of modern managerial principles possessing high quality. In the
point of view of the owner and provider of the higher education institution, quality management system
basically contains continuous improvement for the system concerned . This article tries to dissect the underlying
problems that hinder the target. To solve this problem, as a researcher conducted a research among the
lecturers form the private colleges in north India. The method used in this research is survey method, namely
descriptive survey and explanatory survey. We surveyed 30 private colleges in north India. The research
results proves that job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention both simultaneously
and partially have a significant influence on the performance.
Keywords:  PRivate institutions, Turnovers Retention, Job Satisfaction, Lecturee.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation:  Agarwal, Kirti and Ranjan, Shiv. Dynamic Impact of Work Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment. (A Case Study of Performance of Lecturers at North India’s Private Higher Education Institution). Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.87-91.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-KA-SR-14
DOI : 
Web Address :
http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-14.pdf
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Title: Service Branding a Necessity for Service Providers

Description: 

Author-Name:  Vikrant Chauhan, Assistant Professor, IIMT Group of Colleges, Meerut.
Author-Email:  amit_mrt1@rediffmail.com     
Author-Name:  Dr. Amit Kansal, Associate Professor, IIMT Management College, Meerut.
Author-Email:  amit_mrt1@rediffmail.com

Abstract:  A Brand is a promise - The American Marketing Association defines brand as “a name, term, sign, symbol or
any other feature that identifies one seller’s product or service as distinct from that of other sellers”. But in
general Branding is traditionally associated with products according to their distinct features. And it is
believed the services are not required branding as services are intangible, inseparable, heterogeneous and
perishable. We believe that these special features of service make it difficult for a prospective customer to
evaluate a service before purchase, as is possible in the case of a product. Therefore, branding a service
becomes even more important than branding a product, so that the brand communicates a promise and evokes
trust in prospective customers. This article will aim at the issue of service branding.
Keywords:  PRivate institutions, Turnovers Retention, Job Satisfaction, Lecturee.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation:  Chauhan, Vikrant and Kansal, Amit. Service Branding a Necessity for Service Providers.   Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.92-98.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-VC-AK-15
DOI : 
Web Address :
http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-15.pdf
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Title: India’s Trade Opportunities and Economic Co-operation for India with Japan

Description: 

Author-Name:  Dr. Vandana Tyagi, Director, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute, Modinagar, District Ghaziabad.
Author-Email:  

Abstract:  Since 1952, Japan and India have maintained diplomatic relations and enjoyed cordial relations based on
trade and economic and technical cooperation. After the WW II, the focus of Japan’s economic relations with
India switched from the prewar import of cotton to the import of iron ore. Relations developed steadily as
Japan’s imports of ore and exports of manufactured products increased. Total trade between the two countries
crossed US$10 billion in 2007-2008, adding foreign direct investment from Japan to India from April 2000 to
July 2008 was US$2.2 billion. Japan ranks third in foreign technology transfer approvals, trailing only the
United States and Germany. A total of 871 such technology collaborations between India and Japan were
approved from August 1991 to June 2008. “These figures are not very impressive when seen in terms of India’s
share in Japan’s total global trade and investment” On the other hand, there has been a notable increase in
Japan’s official development assistance (ODA) to India. India has been the largest recipient of Japan’s yen
loans since 2003. In August 2008, Japan pledged to extend Japanese ODA loans to five projects. Given that the
issue of ‘underdeveloped infrastructure’ comes up repeatedly in Japanese perspectives on the business
environment in India, the recent ODA disbursements are a strong signal of growing Japanese economic focus
on India.” Japan has agreed to provide US$4.5 billion for the first phase of the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial
Corridor, and that five Japanese companies already have decided to set up industrial bases along the corridor.
India and Japan are also in the midst of negotiations for a comprehensive economic partnership agreement.
Over 80% of Japanese companies in India are profitable, and more than 90% have expansion plans.
Keywords:  PRivate institutions, Turnovers Retention, Job Satisfaction, Lecturee.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation:  Tyagi, Vandana.India’s Trade Opportunities and Economic Co-operation for India with Japan. Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.99-105.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-VT-16
DOI : 
Web Address :
http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-16.pdf
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Title: Cash Flow Valuation of Maruti and Hyundai (An Analytical Perspective)

Description: 

Author 1-Name:  Ashima, Assistant Professor, JDMC, University of Delhi, New Delhi.
Author 1-Email:  hiashima4u@yahoo.co.in
Author 2-Name:  Dr. S.C. Chitkara, Reader and Head, P.G. Faculty of Commerce, SSV College, Hapur, (Ghaziabad)
Author 2-Email:  hiashima4u@yahoo.co.in

Abstract:  This research paper focuses on an analytical valuation perspective of Maruti Suzuki India Ltd. (MSIL) and
Hyundai Motors India Ltd. (HMIL). MSIL is the no. one car maker in India and HMIL takes place second
position. The companies were valued on the basis of 9 financial parameters. In the present era of Liberalization,
Privatization and Globalization, the Market has become globally competitive; hence the survival of an
enterprise depends upon the efficiency and accuracy, it is necessary to evaluate the financial performance of
sampled units to know where these companies stand in the market and how these companies can improve
further in the future by knowing their shortcomings.
Keywords:  PRivate institutions, Turnovers Retention, Job Satisfaction, Lecturee.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation:  Ashima and Chitkara, S.C.. Cash Flow Valuation of Maruti and Hyundai (An Analytical Perspective). Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.106-111.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-VT-17
DOI : 
Web Address :
http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-17.pdf
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Title: A Study of SENSEX Volatility (Pre and Post Elections)

Description: 

Author 1-Name:  Anju Bala Nandrajog, Senior Lecturer at Advance Institute of Management, Ghaziabad.
Author 1-Email:  anju.sarma@yahoo.com
Author 2-Name:  Shivani Gupta, Research scholar, C.C.S. University, Meerut.
Author 2-Email:  aum_sun@rediffmail.com

Abstract:  The political parties and the general public to know who would be in control of the power at the Centre are
keenly awaiting the greatest festival of Indian democracy, generally a once-in five- years affair, and this
summer. The stock market is also looking up to the general elections, which would not only decide the mood
and momentum of the stock market, but might also act as a sort of stimulus package for the economy, currently
reeling under the pressure of a worldwide downturn Election is like big carnival in India with entire population
from all walks of life gets swayed by it. There are colors and flood of money flowing. Everything comes to stand
still. School, colleges and offices close on voting day. In India election process is held in multiple phases. 2009
election will be one-month extravaganza coming to an end by 16th may 2009, when one will be able to know
about the victor and the vanquished. The outcome of the election will also determine the development trajectory
of the India incorporate. This paper discusses some effects of election on the trend of stock market. How stock
trends go up and down as per the elective government.
Keywords:  PRivate institutions, Turnovers Retention, Job Satisfaction, Lecturee.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation: Nandrajog, Anju Bala and Gupta, Shivani. A Study of SENSEX Volatility (Pre and Post Elections). Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.112-116.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-ABN-SG-18
DOI : 
Web Address :
http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-18.pdf
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Title: India-A Focus Point for the International Art Market (New Avenue of Modern Trade)

Description: 

Author-Name:  Dr. Archana Rani, Head, Department of Drawing and Painting, R.G. (P.G.) College, Meerut (U.P.).
Author-Email:  drarchana.art@gmail.com

Abstract:  Modern technological changes have given rise to social and economic growth. This emphatical change has
girdled the mindsets, the thinking process, and the feelings which have steadily altered both our sensibilities
and our means of perception. With these advances alternative routes are emerging towards work of art that has
more enduring appeal. New trends in art-media art, video and sound installation, video projections have been
experimented by the artists in the field of visual arts. The development in Indian art market where Indian art
has taken a new platform. It no longer needs patronage like older times. Earlier the world art market was
dominated by European or western art. Now through globalization and awareness there is a radical shift in
the mindset of art collector and investor who is now focusing on eastern art and Indian art.
Keywords:  PRivate institutions, Turnovers Retention, Job Satisfaction, Lecturee.
Classification-JEL: A0, C0

Citation: Rani, Archana. India-A Focus Point for the International Art Market (New Avenue of Modern Trade). Journal of Commerce and Trade, October 2010; 5: 2;Pp.117-123.
Paper Code : JCT-O10-AR-19
DOI : 
Web Address :
http://www.jctindia.org/jct/october2010-v5i2-19.pdf
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